Organ cloning, the unofficial term of Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT), has been researched for decades and shows promising outcome of producing compatible organs, which circumvents the problem of using immunosuppressive drugs in case of organ transplant. The breakthrough of this technology could lead to the cure of range of diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. In the meantime, it raises moral concerns such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) embryos based on the argument of potential life.
Is organ cloning good for humanity? Or are they just killing humans?
Since years ago, the scientists have done a lot of researches of organ cloning to use them as a regenerative medicine or in other cases as a treatment for some illness such as Parkinson´s disease, but before they continue doing this we should analyze whether it is good for the humanity or not. The scientists are using a cloning technique that was used in 1996 to create the Dolly Sheep. In the technique used for human organ cloning the researches turn a human cell into stem cell, which can grow in any type of tissue in the body.
The main problem using that technique to clone organs is that the scientists are creating human embryos which are consequently disposed after the stem cell is harvested.
Here are some questions that should be considered in this process, What about the human embryos? Are they killing an embryo which has a potential to become human? Yes, basically they are taking away the opportunity to live a human being. Due to the fact that it is arguable that the life has already begun in the embryonic stem cell stage, and life should be protected no matter which life stage. Every one of us come from the embryonic development and it is immoral if people destroy embryos for research purpose because everyone is born with equality and the Creator (God for some religions) gives the right to life, and no one should take away the opportunity to live a human being.
On the other hand, what if we let the human embryo to grow? Due to the fact that this embryo is a clone from someone else, if the embryo stay in the proper environment with suitable cultivation, it will grow into a very same human. Have you ever imagined to have a clone, this development which is going to rise several problems, due to the fact that the scientist have the power to create a human with the same characteristics as you.
As mentioned above, there is an ethical paradox related to the organ cloning, where it should be analyzed carefully by the pros and cons. It may raise other ethical problems, as an example the people who is suffering necrosis could replace their organ. If the organ cloning is turn it to the reality it could create a pathway to the eternal life.
As a conclusion, we consider that the organ cloning cannot be accepted for the humanity and the scientist should create another method to help the human, focus in the medicine that it is provided to them to solve the illness.
Organ cloning is a remarkable technique providing cure to multiple diseases.
Nowadays the demands of organ transplant are increasing, with the supply still be limited Research by WHO has found that only one in ten people in need of a new kidney, the body part most in demand, manages to get one. And it is reported that three people in the UK die every day while waiting for an organ transplant. Besides, every organ accepter has to take immunosuppressive drugs which compromise the immune system and make them more easily exposed to the other diseases. Nevertheless, transplanted organs always fail after a few years due to the immunology rejection. Clinically speaking, only 60% of transplanted kidney can last over 10 years.
So here comes SCNT. SCNT can produce stem cells and develop them into any organs that patients require, which solves the problem of limited organs, thus save the time of patient as well as their lives. Additionally, the cloned organs have a much longer life. Take cardiopath (patients suffer heart diseases) as an example, 80 percent of patients who taking the heart transplantation surgery (using allograft heart) can only live about 2 years while those who use cloned heart can live more than 10 years. Another benefit of SCNT is that it uses the cells from patients themselves to develop heart, which means that the gene of the heart exactly matches the patients. There will not be any rejection reaction from body, and cardiopath who transplants the cloned heart can live longer.
Furthermore, there is a far greater amount of patient who suffer from non-fatal disease, diabetes for example, could be benefited from organ transplant, as long as they don’t have to suffer the compromise of immune system and organ failure due to the rejection. SCNT as mention above, can fix those problems by using the patient’s own gene to create a customized organ which would not cause rejection.
Diabetes patients have to carry an insulin inject package all the time, no matter they are out of work or on a vacation, and their health base on this very pack of drugs. It damages the quality of life, but yet it still keeps the patients alive, so it used to be no reason to replace the Langerhans (the organ that produce insulin). However, without all the side effect, there would be every reason to get a new Langerhans and get rid of the insulin package once for all!
In conclusion, SCNT technique is worth being developed, as a path to an illness-free society!
Group 20: Omar Antuna Medina, Zhongzheng Lin, Jiawen Hu, Shen Pan